Because of my excessive interest in war time and aviation movies, I occasionally use terms like “Roger”, “Negative” etc, to which the person interacting with me are caught by surprise. These terms are used extensively when people talk using wireless radio. I’m somehow fascinated by these terminologies and this post is to share my understanding of them with you.
keywords: Military Terminology,Radio communication
I may be wrong somewhere. If so please correct me. If you’ve something interesting to add, please let me know.
What is the significance of these?
Clarity is very important while communicating via radio. Only one person speaks at any given time and others listen. Most of the terminologies used are understandable internationally by any radio operator. This eliminates ambiguities among operators. (When operating in adverse conditions and critical situations, mis-interpretation of a voice message can be fatal, hence a unified practice is essential)
I’m not expecting everyone to learn and start using these in our communications daily. Just read on to get a basic understanding of these terminologies. If you like them, you can always talk to me in that language.
Terms used in radio communication and their meanings:
Roger/Roger that: “Roger” is the term used in radio communication to mean that your message is received and understood.
Copy/Copy that: “Copy” is also used to acknowledge that information is received.
The difference between Roger and Copy is that the former is used to acknowledge an instruction (which demands some action) while the later is used to acknowledge an information (which may not need an action)
Negative: Means “NO”. When a question expecting a Boolean answer is asked, Negative is used to indicate “NO” and “Affirmative/positive” is used to mean YES
Stand by: Stand by is a situation where you stay fully prepared for an action and wait for the permission/command to begin.
Stand down: Stand Down implies you retreat from your state of readiness to ease.
Aye aye Sir: Marine units use the term “aye aye Sir” instead of saying “YES Sir”. I don’t know (Trying to find out) what they say for “No Sir”
Do you read me?: Are you getting this communication? If you’re able to hear this you’re expected to respond with “Loud & clear” or “Roger”
Abort: Abandon the present mission in whatever state it is and return to base.
NO Names: By “no names” one means that they should not use any names of individuals/organizations during the conversations. Radio conversations can be easily intercepted by enemies hence to protect the identity its very much common practice not to use real names.
Engage: In military terms, engaging the enemy means keep the enemy occupied or cause a distraction and prevent the enemy from pursuing his intended mission. Destroying the enemy is the last option to be used, if he can’t be engaged by any other means.
“Captain has the conn”: In ships/submarines, though there’ll be many senior officers on board, at any given time there’ll be one person who has full control and he/she will be responsible for minute by minute monitoring and operation of the vessel. When shifts change or operating authority is handed over, the officer who hands over the control announces that “XYZ has the conn” and the person who takes over announces “I’ve the conn”, so that everyone knows from whom they should take their orders from, till further notice. To this, the helmsman responds with present status: “aye, sir. Steering course 358, checking cse 348, port steering units, port cable …”
Over: means “I’ve finished my sentence, now you can speak”. It’s not a good practice for both people to speak at once. At any point only one person speaks and the other listens. Once you have said what you wanted to, you say “over” meaning now the other person can start. The other person speaks his words and says over, and cycle repeats till someone says “out”
Out: Out implies the termination of present communication. You will not respond to “out”. If you have anything else to say, it’ll be a new conversation.
Report In: When you get the command “Report In” you’re expected to give a brief status report (prefix the report with your identity). (Ex: “unit 4 reporting in: Sector 4 all clear”.)
Rendezvous: This term technically means meeting point, where you’re expected to go after completion of the mission, for say extraction.
Intel: short for intelligence. Meaning secret/specific information on something
Radio silence: Do not communicate using radio. When the chances of enemy interception of radio communication are high, it’s advisable to use complete radio silence.
So do you copy?
Over and out.
Thursday, July 13, 2006
Saturday, July 08, 2006
Email is undoubtedly has become an indispensable medium of communication. We come across some emails which are forwarded without any second thought. These mails won’t have a logical backing, nor any material evidence or accountability. Someone says something; people believe it and forward it. Though superstition may seem a little strong word for this scenario, I call it Email superstitions.
While composing this post I was chatting with my BE classmate Satish, who on hearing “Email Superstitions” immediately said “It’s about forwards right?” Partially true. I’m not commenting on all forwards but a few typical ones.
“I’m XYZ (Some sweet name and generally very young age), I’m very poor… I’m suffering from cancer (Or some other big disease). The treatment costs $ xxxxxx. I approached AOL (or some other big company) who’ve agreed to pay $ 1 every time this mail if forwarded. Please forward this to everyone you know. If you don’t, you don’t have a heart…”
Before I proceed let me make it very clear-I’m not against helping others. I’m always willing to contribute, but in situations like above, I can’t accept the statement in its present form. Consider these:
1. Cancer needs to be treated as early as possible. Delaying the treatment will intensify the problem complexity. If someone is willing to pay a huge some for treatment, why don’t they pay the amount out right so that treatment is undertaken and patient is cured? What is the logic in asking people to forward a mail, then employing someone to count who forwarded how many mails to whom, then give money proportionately? Why so much time and effort is lost in this exercise without any benefit to anyone?
2. Till how many days after triggering of such mail they keep counting? Why isn’t a last date in such mails? What if the patient dies in the mean time?
3. Why is that we never get a mail “Thanks for forwarding, Stop forwarding now, so and so paid so much because of your forwards”?
4. What if the number of forwards exceeds the amount needed for treatment? Will AOL give full amount or only the amount needed for treatment?
5. Why such claims are not officially mentioned in sponsors’ websites/confirmed by company authorities?
6. Why don’t those who send such mails give exact details like: name of hospital, doctor etc, so that we can cross check the genuineness of the situation?
“Nokia is giving away free phones to beat competition from Sony Ericsson which’s doing the same. If you forward this mail to so many people you’ll get a free Nokia XXXX(Model Number). Mark a copy to email@example.com to ensure that your contribution is noted”
“Bill Gate is sharing his fortune. Every time you forward this mail you’ll get $ XX. The money will be credited to your bank account by month end.”
For those who believe and promoted above mail:
Any answers for following questions?
1. Have you ever thought of the amount of money Nokia will have to spend if it has to give free phones to lakhs of people? Considering the potential of internet, if 1,000,000 people become eligible for free phone and each phone cost average Rs 5000, the money Nokia will have to loose excess of Rs 5,000,000,000, that’s Rs. 5 Billion. Does it make sense for any company to loose 5 billion to promote the brand?
2. Any offer which is official comes with a set of terms and condition, called fine print. Why there’s not a single condition imposed on this offer? (not even the last date)
3. Why the offer is not endorsed by Nokia/Microsoft Website/dealer/officials?
4. Finally, how many of you have received free phone/money in your account?
“Send this mail to five of your friends and ask them to do the same, and you’ll get a free laptop (Or some other gift)”
90% of above type mails make no sense. Even after you comply with what they asked you to do, you may not get what they promised. This may be due to following
1. Some are outright frauds. They won’t respond at all.
2. Some hidden cost will come to picture: Like you’ve to pay $ 10 (or any amount) towards shipping to collect your gift. (Usually shipping cost exceeds product cost)
3. Their service is available in say US only.
“Send this mail to so many people in next 10 minutes-your wish will come true/you’ll meet your true love/your life will improve drastically. If you don’t forward so and so bad things will happen”
Mails of above nature are generally forwarded because the contents are interesting to see/read. Just that people don’t bother to remove above stated line. So no big complains on mails of that type. But I pity those (if any) who believe that line.
“Because of sudden rush orkut is deleting profiles. Those who don’t receive this scrap in next 24 hours will loose their profile. Please scrap this to all your friends”
Some idiot triggered this and people believe it! Nobody bothered to think-Why should orkut delete user profiles? With google’s backing, which’s giving nearly 3GB disk space per email ID does it make sense to believe that orkut is not able to support its existing users? With orkut FAQ section http://www.orkut.com/News.aspx (which nobody bothered to visit) clearly stating that this rumor is baseless, people still are unwilling to use their brain or sense and forward the mails as above. Is this not stupidity if not superstition?
Why people trigger such forwards?
1. For fun. To few people it’s a way of expressing their creativity. Come out with a creative idea, add some convincing logic to it, and trigger a mail. Sit back and enjoy as your idea travels across the globe.
2. To spread virus/spy ware/ad ware
3. To collect email IDs so that it can be used for marketing purposes.
4. Genuine reason. Probably the statement is genuine, people like me suspected everything unnecessarily.
It’s surprising that even the most educated ones fall pray to these mails and blindly forward them. They don’t bother to spare a minute to check and authenticate the content and source. They simply forward due to following reasons:
1. They’ve free time (probably company provided internet as well) and no work
2. They think they’ve nothing to loose (If I get it great, else I loose nothing)
3. Because the mail came from their friend they assume the contents are genuine and blindly forward.
4. They fall pray to catchy words/temptations in the mail.
5. They think they’ll help someone/themselves by forwarding
By forwarding these mails, the main risk is that we expose email Ids of our friends and relatives to third party. Over a period of time this increases junk mails in our inbox.
For those who are busy at work, this kind of mail eat their time, productivity and often irritate people.
May be I’m saying too much or making an issue out of nothing. Because of in build journalist in me, I have a tendency to cross check everything with material fact and logical analysis, before subscribing to it, as a result of which I usually end up suspecting genuine things and people when there’s no need to.
There’re many genuine and legitimate cases also. Most of the mails like
“ A +ve blood required-contact 988xx xxxxx”, or mails asking to sign a petition (on say reservation issue) etc are generally genuine and its worth supporting such cause. Some companies do give a few rupees to charity when you buy their product (They’re only giving a part of their profit and that makes sense)
In my opinion, it would be better if we keep in mind following things in mind while forwarding:
1. what you think interesting/funny/useful may not be so for others.
2. Please spend a minute analyzing the matter you’re forwarding. IF you promote baseless contents, you loose your credibility.
3. Don’t assume that everyone you know and have given you their email ID are willing to receive your forwards. Some may wish to use different ID for different purposes (like personal mails, official mails, forwards etc) or some may have serious reservations about exposing their email ID to others (as it affects privacy) while some people just do not wish to receive certain type of mails. If you’re not sure about the preferences of other people, ask them. Don’t blindly forwards every mail you get. It generally irritates people.
4. When you forward, retain only main content. Remove unnecessary stuffs like other email IDs, logos, disclaimers etc. No one wants to scroll down till the end of mail to see what it is.
5. Keep a descriptive subject: instead of saying “very good-must see” say “nice video on XYZ-2MB”. Reader should be able to prioritize the mails based on subject lines.
6. Avoid insisting that “You should forward it to so many people”. Just give the matter and let recipient decide what he wants to do with that.
Just like Bangalore traffic, internet is also getting crowded. A more sensible use will make it more comfortable for all of us.
Ending my post with a nice forward:
The last line is the best...
-------A Mail from a frustrated victim of chain mails:--------------
I wanted to thank all my friends and family who have forwarded chain letters to me in 2003 & 2004 & 2005 & 2006. Because of your kindness:
* I stopped drinking Coca Cola after I found out that it's good for removing toilet stains.
* I stopped going to the movies for fear of sitting on a needle infected with AIDS.
* I smell like a wet dog since I stopped using deodorants because they cause cancer.
* I don't leave my car in the parking lot or any other place and sometimes. I even have to walk about 7 blocks for fear that someone will drug me with a perfume sample and try to rob me.
* I also stopped answering the phone for fear that they may ask me to dial a stupid number and then I get a phone bill from with calls to Uganda, Singapore and Tokyo.
* I also stopped drinking anything out of a can for fear that I will get sick from the rat feces and urine.
* When I go to parties, I don't look at any girl, no matter how hot she is, for fear that she will take me to a hotel, drug me then take my kidneys and leave me taking a nap in a bathtub full of ice.
* I also donated all my savings to the Amy Bruce account. A sick girl that was about to die in the hospital about 7,000 times. (Poor girl! she's been 7 since 1993...)!
* I went bankrupt from bounced checks that I made expecting the $15,000 that Microsoft and AOL were supposed to send me when I participated in their special e-mail program would arrive soon.
* My free Nokia phone never arrived and neither did the free passes for a paid vacation to Disneyland.
* Still open to help some from Bulgaria who wants to use my account to transfer his uncle's property of some hundred millions$.
* Made some Hundred wishes before forwarding those Ganesh Vandana, Tirupathi Balaji pics etc ... now most of those 'Wishes' are already married (to someone else)
I’m not saying we should not help others or have some fun/good time forwarding. But beyond a limit, couples of things just look stupid. Let me know what you think about all these.
Wanted to finish this post in an hour or two but it's already taken one fourth of my weekend. Catch you later.
Some more info on hoax claims can be found here.
Thanks for reading. If you've liked the above post, you might like following similar posts as well which try to explore people's mentalities:Check them out:
Patna Man wins Aish's Skirt (celebrity auctioning superstitions)
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